Chinese Communist Party invades Tibet
Soon after taking control of China and becoming the modern Chinese government, the Communist Party directed its army to invade and take control of Tibet in October 1950. The invasion forced many Tibetans to abandon their traditional lifestyles and resulted in the death and imprisonment of hundreds of thousands more.
Communist Party takes power over China and forms the People’s Republic of China
In 1949, the Chinese Communist Party defeated China’s ruling political party, the Kuomintang, and formed the People’s Republic of China (PRC) as a single-party state under authoritarian rule. Mainland Chinese have seven days of holiday from Oct 1 to 7 in recognition of the communist anniversary.
Establishment of the Republic of China
The Republic of China (ROC) was first established in the Chinese mainland in October 1912. After the Chinese Communist Party took full control of the mainland in 1949, the Republic of China relocated its government to the island of Taiwan. Taiwan is now officially called the Republic of China. Annual celebrations are held on Oct 10 for the National Day of the Republic of China, also called “Double Ten Day” because it is the 10th day of the 10th month.
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