List of Chinese Sages in History, Part 1

Du Fu was a great poet of realism in China. He wrote many poems that reflected social conflicts, and the nature of real-life in ancient China. (Roo72/Wikipedia)
Du Fu was a great poet of realism in China. He wrote many poems that reflected social conflicts, and the nature of real-life in ancient China. (Roo72/Wikipedia)

1. The Great Sage, Confucius

Confucius was born in the Lu state in the Spring and Autumn Period of Chinese history (771-476BC). His real name was Kong Qiu, despite founding an influential system of beliefs based on his more well-known name “Confucius.” He was a famous philosopher, politician, educator, and the founder of Confucianism in ancient China. Later, he was honored as a “Sage,” and became known as the “Extremely Sage Departed Teacher.”

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Confucius presenting the young Gautama Buddha to Laozi, China, Qing Dynasty. (ancientartpodcast.org / Flickr)

2. The Second Sage, Mencius

Mencius’s first name was Ke; his courtesy name, the name given when a boy entered adulthood, was Zixing. He was born in the State of Zou during the Warring States period (475-221BC). He was a famous philosopher, politician, and teacher in ancient China. He wrote the book The Mencius, which is a Confucian classic. He is considered the authentic successor of the Confucius Doctrine, and was honored as “The Second Sage.”

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Mencius was a famous philosopher, politician, and teacher in ancient China. (PhidiasNL/Wikipedia)

3. The Sage of Poetry, Du Fu

Du Fu was a great poet of realism in China, and the author of The Poems of Du Fu. He wrote many poems that reflected social conflicts, and the nature of real-life in ancient China. Hence, his poems are a true reflection of a complex and turbulent historical era. He was honored as the “Poet-Historian” and the “Sage of Poetry.”

list of chinese sages

Du Fu was a great poet of realism in China. He wrote many poems that reflected social conflicts, and the nature of real-life in ancient China. (Roo72/Wikipedia)

4. The Sage of Ci (poetry), Su Shi

Su Shi was a renowned poet, litterateur, and painter in the Song Dynasty. He was also one of the Eight Great Prose Masters of the Tang and Song dynasties. His works are bold and unrestrained, and he had a great influence on future generations. These characteristics lead to him being known as the Sage of Ci.

list of chinese sages

Su Shi was a renowned poet, litterateur, and painter in the Song Dynasty. (Πrate/Wikipedia)

5. The Sage of Liquor, Du Kang

Du Kang, also known as Shao Kang, lived in the Xia Dynasty. Du Kang was the first to create liquor, and likewise created the source of a long history of Chinese wine culture. In the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280), Cao Cao wrote a timeless poetic masterpiece with the quote: “How to dispel melancholy? Only Du Kang can.” Du Kang was the inventor of wine-making according to ancient Chinese documents. This is why future generations called him the Sage of Liquor.

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