One of the latest scares when it comes to diseases is the Zika virus. The disease began with many speculations that have thankfully been ironed out. The fact that it is a new disease to many does not mean that it has not been around for some time. The Zika virus has been making background appearances since 1976, from Africa to Asian countries.
It wasn’t until lately that it made its debut in central and South America, and finally the U.S., causing concern. The Zika virus, also known as ZikaVirus, is caused and spread by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This is one of the many relatives of the Anopheles mosquito, which is known for causing malaria.
The mosquito is also the main agent in dengue fever and Chikungunya. The worst thing about the virus is that there is no known cure or vaccine. This doesn’t mean that the disease cannot be managed and handled.
The Zika virus causes a number of problems, ranging from attack the neurological system to impacting the brain. Pregnant mothers are the most common victims. Stillbirths and miscarriages are common. Those lucky enough to be born end up with brain malformations and with heads smaller than usual.
It is for this reason that women in areas that are prone to the Zika virus are being asked to delay their pregnancies so as to undergo tests. The Zika virus is not detectable in some cases. Different people will react differently, with as few as one out of four showing any indications of the virus. The symptoms include headaches, joint pains, and a fever.
These symptoms can easily indicate many other diseases, making Zika tricky to spot. The symptoms may also be mild, in some cases going away on their own. One can be a victim of the Zika virus and not even know it. The virus is passed through body fluids and bites from the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This also makes a global breakout eminent. Zika can be passed through sexual contact too.
The CDC and other medical personnel around the world are working tirelessly on a vaccine and cure. There are, however, certified ways to deal with the virus, starting from the prevention stage. The fact that the virus is caused by mosquitoes means that eliminating them will help. Mosquitoes love stagnant water and damp areas.
You will need to eliminate these spots from around your living environment by any means. This will kill all the larvae, breaking their reproduction cycle. Protecting your loved ones in the home by putting up screens on windows and covering other air inlets will also help.
Children and pregnant mothers need to sleep under treated mosquito nets to keep from being bitten. One of the most extreme ways is to move from Zika prone areas. Places with constant swampy conditions will be hard to handle.
The mosquitoes will also be hard to eradicate unless governments take action at this level. The fact that the disease can be kept at bay is good news for the time being.
Author Bio: Maggie Martin is very passionate about healthy living and has been writing some great and informative blogs about Food, Healthy Lifestyles, Beauty, and Fashion.