China has not always been in the top ranks when it comes to efforts to save the environment. This is because environmental concerns consistently took a back seat to China’s rapid industrial growth and infrastructure development. Consequently, the people of China witnessed extensive damage to their environment over the past 30 years, especially air pollution in major cities, which is primarily caused by the burning of coal in factories and power plants, as well as vehicle use.
Recently, however, a group of 3,000 scientists and environmentalists, along with their decade-long report, indicate that the country’s environmental policies are making some headway.
Although notorious for its immense pollution, China has recently put more effort into addressing its environmental problems than any other country in the world. It has developed innovative and ambitious ways to deal with its conservation issues through public policies. The implementation of these policies is also commendable, as they are being done on a breathtaking scale.
China’s environmental conservation efforts are also guided by state-of-the-art software. With this software, areas that should be restored or protected can be readily identified. Science and technology are clearly China’s strong point, and it is using the resources that it has to further protect and restore the environment.
From environmental crises to policies
The government first considered the importance of environmental reform after a series of natural disasters during the 1990s. These disasters were brought about by human activities.
An example of this was massive erosion because of deforestation, which caused tremendous flooding in the Yangtze River watershed. Thousands of people died because of the flooding and over 13 million people were left homeless. Damages from this disaster reached over US$36 billion.
It is also worth noting that the flood happened a year after a record-breaking drought. This led the government to finally take the steps to restore and protect the country’s forest resources. In 2000, China implemented the Natural Forest Conservation Program and the Sloping Land Conversion Program.
More recently, the country has allocated over US$50 billion for projects to reduce the risk of natural disasters. This included restoring grasslands and forests to improving the living conditions of over 100 million impoverished farmers.
China is starting to make important strives in addressing its environmental concerns. By acknowledging the damage done by human activity, China has begun to implement policies that will help to preserve it’s environment for future generations.
William A. Young is a camping enthusiast and a mechanical engineer. He loves nature and is passionate about protecting the environment. He uses nature-friendly camping vehicles from Darwin4wdhire. Other than that, Williams loves to write about his latest adventures and shares them with his readers.