According to Compendium of Material Medica, China’s most comprehensive book on medicine, many foods have medicinal uses. Melons are regarded as a cold food; therefore, they are best eaten in the summer months. They provide the effects of cooling, dehumidifying, and detoxifying. Melons are among the best summertime foods, but which ones are the best to eat? Read our following guide.
Though bitter melon does have a bitter taste, it is rich in nutrients and very beneficial to the human body. Bitter melon is nontoxic and has a cold nature. In terms of medicinal efficacy, bitter melon helps to maintain a healthy heart, liver, spleen, and lungs because it clears away heat, relieves stress, energizes, and facilitates diuresis. If a person is experiencing fever, thirst, or heat rash, bitter melon can treat the symptoms.
Bitter melon can be served in slices as pickles, stewed, or stir-fried with other foods, such as salted eggs. However, bitter melon is not suitable for all people. Those with a weak spleen or stomach should consume the melon with caution.
Loofah, or luffa, is not only delicious, but it also includes a variety of vitamins and minerals, and xylose gum. These components make loofah a good food for removing pathogenic heat from the blood in summer.
Loofah is sweet with a cold nature. It eases stresses on the intestine, dispels pathogens and phlegm, as well as cools and detoxifies the body. To treat symptoms such as congestion, cough, or fever, loofah can be used as a supplementary aid.
Loofah can be consumed in salads, soups, or stir-fried. It tastes so good that some people eat it every day. Nevertheless, since loofah has a cold nature, eating too much may cause mild stomach stress. Thus, people with chronic illness, a weak spleen, or a weak stomach should consume it in moderation.
Winter melon or ash gourd works as well as watermelon in quenching summer heat. Winter melon is slightly sweet. It can lower body temperature, reduce phlegm production, and quench thirst, as well as detoxify and promote diuresis. Winter melon contains no fat and a low amount of sugar, which makes it a good food for people with diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, or hypertension. However, people with a weak spleen, stomach, or kidneys should consume it in moderation.
Translated by Jean Chen