One of the most famous Chinese paintings, often referred to as “China’s Mona Lisa,” has a connection to the annual Qingming Festival, celebrated in April on the Western calendar.
The painting is called Qīngmíng Shànghé Tú. Qīngmíng (清明) means “clear-bright,” and Shànghé Tú (上河圖) means “going-along-the-river-picture.”
Its name has varying translations from “Spring Festival,” “Along the River During the Qīngmíng Festival,” and “Peace Reigns Over the River.”
The painting is an enormous panorama, painted in a single color on silk by the 12th-century Song Dynasty artist Zhang Zeduan.
It stretches 5.74 yards (5.25 meters) in length and is 10 inches (25.5 centimeters) high.
Over 800 years old, the painting was returned to Beijing after World War II and has rarely been displayed since, being kept safe in the Palace Museum in Beijing.
Qīngmíng Shànghé Tú has been copied by many artists over the centuries — a common practice and legitimate art form — who revered the old masters and sometimes added scenes or details relevant to their own times.