Hypertension is a medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. Long-term high blood pressure can cause damage to organs such as the heart, brain, and kidneys, resulting in heart failure, heart attack, stroke, and chronic kidney disease. People suffering from hypertension should consume less of the “three whites” so as to keep from getting blood-related complications.
The “three whites”
1. Fatty meat
Excessive consumption of fatty meat leads to obesity, hypertension, and high cholesterol. Consistent overeating can worsen the medical condition of hypertensive patients as it increases blood viscosity. This can eventually have a damaging effect on the blood vessels.
Salt is a necessary part of the diet. However, the intake for an adult should be no more than 6 grams per day, or about one teaspoon. It is easy to have more than that amount in the diet when eating processed foods. But increased consumption increases the risk of getting chronic illnesses like hypertension and heart disease. Due to the effect of osmotic pressure, overconsumption of salt causes the increase of extracellular fluid as well as blood volume. Simultaneously, the volume of venous return, ventricular filling, and output all increase too, causing the blood pressure to increase as a whole.
3. White wine
Overconsumption of alcohol increases the liver’s metabolic workload, damages the liver, stomach, and blood vessels, lowers the ability of the liver to detoxify, and burdens the kidneys. Serious cases may result in nephritis. For high blood pressure patients, drinking less is good for regulating the blood pressure. Zero consumption is the best remedy to avoid complications, as alcohol contains high calories that can lead to weight gain, and obesity is a high-risk inducer for hypertensive patients.
1. Do take supplements
Firmly control sodium intake to protect the blood vessels and add supplements for the body to improve, using whatever is needed to help regulate the blood pressure.
2. Drink six to eight glasses of water daily
Make sure you get enough water. Water promotes toxin discharge. It also helps dilute the blood and prevents viscosity. One glass should be 8 ounces, and an adult’s daily intake should be six to eight glasses.
1. Don’t smoke
Smoking elevates blood pressure and increases the chance of vascular disease. Long-term heavy smokers are prone to hardening of the arteries. Quitting smoking not only helps prevent blood vessels from clogging, but also protects the lungs from tar.
2. Don’t stay up late
Having insufficient sleep pumps up adrenaline and noradrenaline secretions, causing abnormal contractions of blood vessels and elevation of blood pressure. The partial drop of blood supply and slowing down of blood flow increases the chance of vascular lesions. An adult should sleep for 6-8 hours every night and go to bed no later than 11 p.m.
Translated by Cecilia