A trial opened on Monday, Nov. 14 over shareholder allegations that Tesla Chief Executive Elon Musk’s $56 billion pay package was rigged with easy performance targets and that investors were duped into approving it, with Musk slated to take the stand later this week.
A Tesla shareholder hopes to prove during the five-day trial that Musk used his dominance over the electric vehicle maker’s board to dictate terms of the 2018 package, which did not even require him to work at Tesla full-time.
According to Greg Varallo, an attorney for shareholder Richard Tornetta, Musk, the world’s richest person, will testify on Wednesday, Nov. 16.
The trial began with Ira Ehrenpreis, a Tesla board member since 2007 and chair of the committee that oversaw the pay package, describing the process to develop the record-breaking compensation deal.
“I wanted to make sure that Elon remained as the leader of Tesla over a longer period of time,” Ehrenpreis testified.
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The court was shown a brief video clip of Musk’s deposition in the case. He described how Ehrenpreis called him to discuss creating a pay package to replace his 2012 pay deal, which was nearing completion. Musk said he suggested to Ehrenpreis “a larger amount but with much harder milestones” than the 2012 deal.
Tornetta has asked the court to rescind the pay package, which is six times larger than the top 200 CEO salaries combined in 2021, according to Amit Batish of research firm Equilar.
Musk and Tesla’s directors, who are also defendants, have denied the allegations. They argued the pay package did what it aimed to do – ensure that the entrepreneur successfully guided Tesla through a critical period, which helped drive the stock tenfold higher.
The Tesla shareholder lawsuit argues that the pay package should have required Musk to work full-time at Tesla.
The company’s shareholders have become concerned that Musk is distracted by Twitter, which he has warned might not survive an economic downturn.
The case will be decided by Chancellor Kathaleen McCormick of Delaware’s Court of Chancery. She oversaw the legal dispute between Twitter Inc and Musk that ended with his purchase of the social media platform for $44 billion last month.
Musk told a business conference on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Bali, Indonesia, on Monday that he had too much on his plate at the moment.
Legal experts said Musk is in a better legal position in the pay case than he was in Twitter’s lawsuit, which prevented him from walking away from the takeover.
Boards have wide latitude to set executive compensation, according to legal experts.
However, directors must meet more stringent legal tests if the pay package involves a controlling shareholder, and part of this trial is likely to focus on whether that description fits Musk. While he owned only 21.9 percent of Tesla in 2018, plaintiffs are likely to cite what is seen as his domineering personality and ties to directors.
The disputed package allows Musk to buy 1 percent of Tesla’s stock at a deep discount each time escalating performance and financial targets are met. Otherwise, Musk gets nothing.
Tesla has hit 11 of the 12 targets as its value ballooned briefly to more than $1 trillion from $50 billion, according to court papers.
A decision will likely take around three months after the trial and could be appealed to the Delaware Supreme Court.
By Reuters. (Reporting by Tom Hals in Wilmington, Delaware; additional reporting by Hyunjoo Jin in San Francisco; Editing by Jonathan Oatis, Noeleen Walder and Bill Berkrot)