There are 10 famous flowers in China, each of which symbolizes a spiritual trait or values that are cherished in traditional Chinese culture.
1. Plum blossom
A symbol of perseverance because it blooms in winter.
A symbol of prosperity because of the dazzling color, extraordinary size, and round shape of the flower.
A symbol of individuality because it blooms in autumn, when most flowers wither.
A symbol of noble character because although it grows in the mud, it remains clean and beautiful.
5. Chinese rose
A symbol of vitality because it grows easily and blooms in all seasons.
A symbol of dedication. It is said that an ancient emperor could not forget his love and died in frustration. After his death, he became a bird and sang day and night in late spring. Finally, it bled to death and the blood tainted all the flowers in mountains; the flowers are thus named cuckoo.
An auspicious symbol. It is said in the Buddhist tradition to be one of the four kinds of flowers growing in heaven.
A symbol of virtue. Orchids are characterized by a delicate fragrance, but they frequently grow in the wilderness and are not known to the world, just like those who are virtuous are frequently not known by others unless one goes near them.
9. Sweet osmanthus
A symbol of longevity. Chinese mythology held that a sweet osmanthus grows on the moon and was endlessly cut by Wu Gang, a Taoist practitioner who violated Taoist cultivation rules. This flower has long been favored by the Chinese because of its fragrance and cultural association.
A symbol of reunion, it is thus frequently used as a decoration during Chinese New Year.
Translation by Mona Song.